Basic Policy on Corporate Governance
Chapter 1 General Provisions
(Purpose) Article 1
This basic policy sets out the basic views, framework, and operation policy regarding the corporate governance of JAPAN POST HOLDINGS Co., Ltd. (the “Company”), with a view to ensuring sustainable growth of the Group and enhancing its corporate value over the medium to long term.
(Basic Views on Corporate Governance) Article 2
1.The Company shall develop the corporate governance structure of the Group based on the following concepts, with a view to ensuring sustainable growth of the Group and creating corporate value over the medium to long term.
The Company shall continue to create new convenience for customers and pursue the provision of high quality services, while generating consistent value by providing universal services of the Group's three core businesses through the Group's post office network.
Fully recognizing its fiduciary responsibility to its shareholders, the Company shall give consideration to appropriately secure rights and equal treatment of shareholders.
The Company shall place emphasis on dialogue with all stakeholders including customers and shareholders with an aim to ensure appropriate collaboration and sustainable coexistence. To this end, the Company shall strive to secure management transparency and commit to appropriate disclosure and provision of information.
The Company shall carry out swift and decisive decision-making and business execution under the effective supervision by the Board of Directors, in order to promptly cope with changes in social and economic environment and meet the expectation of all stakeholders.
2.In accordance with the views in the preceding paragraph, in order to carry out group management appropriately and smoothly, the Company shall conclude the Japan Post Group Agreement, Agreement Relating to Japan Post Group Management and a memorandum of understanding regarding rules for group management, with each of the three subsidiaries of JAPAN POST Co., Ltd., JAPAN POST BANK Co., Ltd. and JAPAN POST INSURANCE Co., Ltd. The agreements stipulate matters such as prior approval, prior consultation and reporting, enabling the Company to establish a system where any important matters that potentially have a material impact on the Group’s management shall be promptly reported to the Executive Committee and the Board of Directors of the Company.
(Corporate Governance Structure of the Company) Article 3
The Company has adopted a “company with three committees structure” from the following points of view.
To separate the especially vital decision-making and supervision, such as the formulation of basic management policy, from the business execution based on such decisions, thereby increasing the flexibility in management and establishing the management supervision structure of the Group governed by the Board of Directors.
To fully utilize external views on the management of the Company and ensure the transparency and fairness of decision-making on the management through enabling the exercise of functions of the Board of Directors comprised mainly of Independent Directors and the three committees, namely the Nomination Committee, the Compensation Committee and the Audit Committee.
To realize a corporate governance structure that can appropriately fulfill its accountability to all stakeholders.
Chapter 2 Composition of the Board of Directors and its Role,etc.
(Composition of the Board of Directors and its Role) Article 4
The Board of Directors shall be diversely comprised of Directors with a wealth of knowledge and experience as well as deep insight. The number of Directors shall be an appropriate number not exceeding 20 as set forth in the Articles of Incorporation and a majority of the Directors shall be, in principle, Independent Directors.
The Board of Directors shall, in accordance with the “Board of Directors Regulations,” develop a system, in which it facilitates swift management decision-making by delegating all authority concerning business execution of the Company to Executive Officers, except for business execution concerning statutory matters to be resolved exclusively by the Board of Directors and especially critical matters, and exercises supervision through receiving reports from Executive Officers on such business execution in a timely and appropriate manner.
3. The Board of Directors shall set out the basic management policies such as the Group Management Philosophy, Group Management Policy, Group Charter of Corporate Conduct and the Group's medium-term business plans, etc. with a view to collaborating and coexisting with all stakeholders, and strive to materialize sustainable growth of the Group and generation of corporate value over the medium to long term through appropriate supervision of the exercise of such policies.
The Board of Directors shall, in accordance with the Companies Act, set out the “Fundamental Policy for Establishment of Internal Control Systems”, and regularly receive reports from responsible Executive Officers over the operation status of such policy. The Board of Directors shall then carry out evaluation and analysis based on those reports in order to support swift and decisive decision-making by Executive Officers, and thereby carry out monitoring as a supervisory body in an appropriate manner.
The Board of Directors shall recognize effective supervision of Executive Officers from an independent and objective standpoint as one of their major roles and responsibilities and formulate the “Criteria for the Appointment and Dismissal of Executive Officers.” Based on such criteria and assessment of business performance of the Company, the Board of Directors shall appropriately elect and dismiss Executive Officers as well as Executive Officers with titles.
In the event of any conflicts of interest between the Company and its Directors and/or Executive Officers (hereinafter, “Officers”), the Board of Directors shall appropriately supervise the situation pursuant to the provisions of the Companies Act. In addition, in the event of an irregular transaction with the Company’s principal shareholders, the Board of Directors shall closely monitor the situation, by receiving reports on details of such transactions, to prevent such transactions from harming common interests of the Company and its shareholders.
(Operation of the Board of Directors) Article 5
The Company shall develop an operational system of the Board of Directors, which gives consideration for time-affordable annual scheduling, appropriate provision of information as needed, provision of adequate briefing and review time over the meeting agenda prior to the Board of Directors’ meeting, and allocation of sufficient time for questions and answers at the Board of Directors’ meeting for Outside Directors, in order to ensure effective and smooth operation of the Board of Directors, especially to enhance the effectiveness of the supervision by Outside Directors.
Apart from the development of the operational system in the preceding paragraph, an Office of the Board of Directors shall be established to support effective and efficient operation of the Board of Directors and to communicate and coordinate with Outside Directors, including optimization of the deliberation or reporting processes at the Board of Directors’ meeting, verification of the progress concerning the matters resolved at the Board of Directors’ meeting.
(Evaluation of the Board of Directors) Article 6
The Board of Directors shall conduct analysis and evaluation on an annual basis over the effectiveness of the Board of Directors as a whole, through obtaining opinions and so forth from each Director regarding the Board of Directors and others. Summary of the results of such analysis and evaluation shall be disclosed and utilized for improving the operation of the Board of Directors.
Chapter 3 Structure and Role of Committees
(Nomination Committee) Article 7
The Nomination Committee shall be comprised of three or more members, the majority of whom shall be Independent Officers.
The Nomination Committee shall formulate and elect candidates for Directors based on the “Nomination Criteria for Candidates for Directors,” which stipulates the concepts regarding the appropriate balance between knowledge, experience and skills of the Board of Directors as a whole, diversity and the appropriate board size, as well as the qualification for Directors required by the Company.
The Nomination Committee shall formulate the “Designation Criteria for Independent Officers,” which stipulates the requirements for Outside Directors that does not have the potential to cause conflicts of interest with shareholders, and designate Independent Officers from among Outside Directors.
The Nomination Committee shall appropriately supervise the succession planning for the management including the President and CEO based on what the Company is aiming to achieve as well as specific management strategies of the Company.
An Office of Nomination Committee shall be established as a secretariat which provides assistance to the Nomination Committee.
(Compensation Committee) Article 8
The Compensation Committee shall be comprised of three or more members, the majority of whom shall be Independent Officers.
The Compensation Committee shall formulate the “Compensation Policies for Directors and 3 Executive Officers by Individual” and determine the amounts of compensation for Officers based on such policies.
The compensation for Executive Officers specified based on the policies in the preceding paragraph shall provide a scheme that serves as sound incentive for sustainable growth.
An Office of Compensation Committee shall be established as a secretariat which provides assistance to the Compensation Committee.
(Audit Committee) Article 9
The Audit Committee shall be comprised of three or more members, the majority of whom shall be Independent Officers. The Audit Committee shall, in principle, include those with adequate knowledge of finance, accounting and legal affairs.
The Audit Committee shall, in principle, elect full-time members of the Audit Committee in order to further enhance audit effectiveness.
The Audit Committee shall, in principle, elect full-time members of the Audit Committee for the purpose of ensuring audit effectiveness.
The Audit Committee shall take part in the supervising function performed by the Board of Directors, and audit the execution of duties by Executive Officers and Directors.
The Audit Committee shall monitor and verify the status of development and operation of the internal control systems of the Group.
The Audit Committee shall regularly receive reports from the accounting auditor on the status of audit implementation and the results of audits, while reinforcing cooperation with the accounting auditor through exchange of information. Meanwhile, the Audit Committee shall monitor and verify the status of the execution of duties by the accounting auditor, and determine details of proposals regarding the appointment, dismissal or non-reappointment of the accounting auditor to be submitted to the general meeting of shareholders.
The Audit Committee shall conduct investigation on the status of business and assets of the Company and verification of the content of interviews with Executive Officers and reports made by them, through effective cooperation with the internal audit department, etc., on the premise of the development and operation of the internal control systems within the Group.
An Office of Audit Committee shall be established as a secretariat which provides assistance to the Audit Committee.
Chapter 4 Functions and Other Matters Concerning Independent Directors
(Role of Independent Officers) Article 10
Independent Officers shall appropriately protect the interests of general shareholders through supervising the business execution by Executive Officers from an independent and objective standpoint. In addition, they shall provide appropriate advice and support to Executive Officers based on their respective experience and expertise, so that the Group may achieve sustainable growth and generate medium- to long-term corporate value, while appropriately collaborating and coexisting with its stakeholders.
(Acquisition and Sharing of Information by Outside Directors) Article 11
The Company shall provide opportunities for Outside Directors (including Independent Officers; the same shall apply hereinafter) to deepen their understanding and acquire necessary knowledge about the Group’s businesses, issues to be addressed, management strategies, etc., through measures such as organizing tours etc. of facilities and so forth of the Group, in order for them to appropriately fulfill their expected roles and responsibilities.
Outside Directors shall develop adequate understanding of business conditions of the Group in order to fulfill their roles and responsibilities, and if deemed necessary, ask responsible Executive Officers for explanation, etc. in a timely and appropriate manner.
Outside Directors shall endeavor to exchange information with each other and develop a shared understanding based on an independent and objective standpoint, by holding regular meetings comprised only of Outside Directors or by other means.
Outside Directors shall elect an Outside Director in charge of advanced communication and coordination with Executive Officers through mutual election among Outside Directors.
Chapter 5 Business Execution Structure,etc.
(Business Execution Structure) Article 12
The President and CEO shall decide on and execute important businesses entrusted by the Board of Directors.
Executive Officers other than the President and CEO shall decide on and execute businesses entrusted by the Board of Directors in respective areas of responsibility according to the segregation of duties determined by the Board of Directors.
An Executive Committee and an Investment Committee comprised of Executive Officers designated by the President and CEO shall be established as advisory bodies to the President and CEO to conduct deliberations prior to decision-making on the execution of important businesses by the President and CEO, for accurately understanding the facts which will form the basis of such decision-making and for ensuring rationality and appropriateness of the content and the process of the decision-making. Furthermore, efforts will be made to resolve issues by establishing specialized committees as advisory bodies to the Executive Committee. Specialized committees will deliberate on technical matters, the results of which will be reported to the Executive Committee.
A Group Steering Committee comprised of the Presidents and CEOs of the Company and its key subsidiaries and other members shall be established to discuss and share common understanding of important matters concerning group management among the management of the Group companies for the purpose of promoting effective and efficient operation of the Group.
(Training of Inside Officers) Article 13
The Company shall regularly provide inside officers including newly appointed Executive Officers with opportunities to deepen their understanding and acquire necessary knowledge about their roles and responsibilities, in order for them to fulfill their expected roles and responsibilities.
Chapter 6 Accounting Auditor
(Accounting Auditor) Article 14
To ensure the execution of appropriate audits by the accounting auditor, the Audit Committee shall establish criteria for the verification and evaluation of independence and expertise of the accounting auditor, thereby conducting appropriate evaluation of the accounting auditor.
To ensure the execution of appropriate audits by the accounting auditor, the Company shall develop a system relating to the accounting auditor including the following requirements.
Ensure independence of the accounting auditor
Secure sufficient timeframe for audits by the accounting auditor
Secure adequate meeting opportunities between the accounting auditor and the President and CEO, etc.
Ensure sufficient cooperation between the accounting auditor and the internal audit department
Establish a response system within the Company in the event the accounting auditor discovers any misconduct and asks for appropriate measures to be taken by the Company, or points out any defects or problems found in the course of the audit
Chapter 7 General Meeting of Shareholders,etc.
(General Meeting of Shareholders) Article 15
Based on the fact that the general meeting of shareholders is a forum for constructive dialogue with our shareholders, the Company shall, from the shareholders’ viewpoint, develop an appropriate environment for shareholders to exercise their rights at the general meeting of shareholders through the following measures.
Provide appropriate information that would help shareholders make appropriate decisions at the general meeting of shareholders
Prompt electronic announcement and an early dispatch of the notice of the general meeting of shareholders, to secure sufficient time for shareholders to review the proposals for the general meeting of shareholders
Schedule the general meeting of shareholders and related events in full consideration of the requirements such as enhancement of constructive dialogue with shareholders and provision of accurate information for such purpose
Adopt electromagnetic means to enable the exercise of voting rights by the shareholders who cannot attend the general meeting of shareholders in person, use an electronic voting platform for enhanced convenience, and provide English translated version of the notice of the general meeting of shareholders
Enhance convenience for the exercise of voting rights by the institutional investors holding shares under the name of trust banks, etc.
(Capital Policy) Article 16
The Company shall make it a basic policy to maintain a sufficient level of shareholders’ equity necessary for strengthening earning power of three core businesses and management base and fulfilling responsibilities to provide universal services, with a view to continually enhancing shareholder value while paying due attention to capital efficiency. The necessary level of shareholders’ equity shall be reviewed as appropriate in consideration of the requirements such as its adequacy in comparison with the risks associated with business activities and the fulfillment of the level required by regulatory authorities.
Regarding the distribution of surplus to shareholders, the Company shall pay due attention to capital efficiency, and in order to realize a steadier distribution of surplus to shareholders, provide stable dividends to its shareholders and acquire own shares as necessary, while making efforts to secure internal reserves.
(Cross-Shareholding) Article 17
The Company may, other than for pure investment purpose, acquire and hold shares in listed companies to reinforce business partnerships or for other purposes which are believed to contribute to the enhancement of the Group’s medium- to long-term corporate value (hereinafter, “cross-shareholdings”).
For the cross-shareholdings held by the Company, the Company shall take account of their economic rationale over the medium to long term and future prospects, when verifying the aim and rationale of holding such shares at the Board of Directors’ meeting each fiscal year, and disclose the details of such verification.
With respect to the exercise of voting rights concerning the shares held as cross-shareholdings, the Company shall make decisions whether to approve or disapprove a proposal, based on the case-by-case examination to verify whether such proposal is expected to contribute to the efficient and sound management of the investee and enhance its corporate value, in addition to whether the proposal conforms with the Company’s shareholding policy.
(Anti-Takeover Defense Measures) Article 18
The Company shall not introduce so-called anti-takeover defense measures, in a view that Article 2 of the Act on Japan Post Holdings Co., Ltd. requires the central government at all times hold over one-third of the total number of shares that has been issued, and that Article 9 of the same Act stipulates resolutions that the appointment or dismissal of Directors shall not become effective without the approval of the Minister of Internal Affairs and Communications.
Chapter 8 Collaboration and Coexistence with Stakeholders
(Dialogue with Shareholders) Article 19
The Company shall set out the "Disclosure Policy" and engage in constructive dialogue with its shareholders and investors based on the policy in order to ensure the Group's sustainable growth and the enhancement of its corporate value over the medium to long term.
The Company shall strive to understand the shareholder structure and engage in individual meetings and other dialogues at possible opportunities other than the general meeting of shareholders, in order to promote the dialogue in the preceding paragraph.
(CSR) Article 20
The Company shall set out the "Basic Policy for Group CSR" to promote CSR activities of the Group as an initiative for materializing the Group Management Philosophy and ensuring sustainable growth of the Group.
The Group shall adequately and actively address any issues arising related to sustainability, based on the recognition that it is an important part of risk management.
(Promotion of Diversity Management) Article 21
Under the recognition that the presence of diverse perspectives and values reflecting various experiences, skills and attributes within the Group may be advantageous in ensuring sustainable corporate growth, the Company shall actively make efforts to secure diversity within the Group such as promotion of active participation of female employees and effective use of people with disabilities as well as foreigners.
(Whistleblower System) Article 22
The Company shall establish rules for reporting, which the employees must follow, in the event of violation of laws and regulations or internal regulations (including rules for ensuring confidentiality and anonymity of whistleblowers and prohibiting disadvantageous treatment), and establish points of contact both inside and outside the Company, in an effort to develop an appropriate system for whistleblowing.
The Company shall develop a system to promptly report any serious compliance violations of the Group uncovered through whistleblowing to the members of the Audit Committee.
Chapter 9 Others
(Revision and Abolition) Article 23
Revision and abolition of this basic policy shall be subject to the resolution at the Board of Directors.
Articles of Incorporation(Matters related to Article 3)
Article of Incorporation［PDF：98kb］
List of Officers and the status of concurrent positions of Outside Directors(Matters related to Article 4(1))
List of Directors and Executive Officers
Regulations for the Board of Directors of Japan Post Holdings(Matters related to Article 4(2))
Regulations for the Board of Directors of Japan Post Holdings［PDF：43kb］
Group Management Philosophy(Matters related to Article 4(3))
Group Management policy(Matters related to Article 4(3))
Group Management Philosophy & Group Management Policy
Japan Post Group Charter of Corporate Conduct(Matters related to Article 4(3))
Japan Post Group Charter of Corporate Conduct
Group Medium-term Management Plan(Matters related to Article 4(3))
Group Medium-term Management Plan
Policy Principles for the Establishment of the Internal Control System(Matters related to Article 4(4))
Policy Principles for the Establishment of the Internal Control System［PDF：47kb］
Criteria for the Appointment and Dismissal of Executive Officers (Matters related to Article 4(5))
Criteria for the Appointment and Dismissal of Executive Officers［PDF：28kb］
Reasons for Appointment of Executive Officers(Matters related to Article 4(5))
Reasons for Appointment of Executive Officers［PDF：32kb］
Summary of Evaluation Results of the Effectiveness of the Board of Directors of Japan Post Holdings Co., Ltd.(Matters related to Article 6)
Summary of Evaluation Results of the Effectiveness of the Board of Directors of Japan Post Holdings Co., Ltd.［PDF：258kb］
Nomination Criteria for Candidates for Directors(Matters related to Article 7(2))
Nomination Criteria for Candidates for Directors［PDF：28kb］
Reasons for Nominating the Candidates for Directors(Matters related to Article 7(2))
Reasons for Nominating the Candidates for Directors［PDF：440kb］
Designation Criteria for Independent Officers(Matters related to Article 7(3))
Designation Criteria for Independent Officers［PDF：52kb］
Compensation Policies for Directors and Executive Officers by Individual(Matters related to Article 8(2))
Compensation Policies for Directors and Executive Officers by Individual［PDF：66kb］
Disclosure Policy(Matters related to Article 19)
Basic Policy on the Japan Post Group CSR(Matters related to Article 20)
Basic Policy on the Japan Post Group CSR［PDF：24kb］
Corporate Governance Structure Chart
Corporate Governance Structure Chart［PDF：53kb］